Monday, March 21, 2005

Sheikh 'Ali Jumu'a of Al-Azhar: The Real Fatwa

Salaam 'Alaikum

It was claimed on MWU that Sheikh 'Ali Jumu'a of Al Azhar had issued a fatwa in support of women led, mixed gendered prayer. However, MWU's claim was not based on actually reading the fatwa of the sheikh in Arabic or English translation. It was based on one of their writers watching al 'Arabiya television and seeing a report in which al 'Arabiya reported that Egyptian TV had reportedly aired an interview with him in which he gave a fatwa. In other words, it was at best a third hand report. Hearsay based on hearsay based on... There is a difference, dear readers, between mentioning what past scholars have said (hukm), talking about their differences, and actually issuing a fatwa. That is apparently what happened in the Egyptian TV interview, but no one else is going to tell you that. Maybe they don't know the difference. Allahu 'Alim.

But never fear, trusty readers, for Living Tradition has got the real fatwa here for you. We have confirmed with our sources that this is, indeed, the true ruling of the sheikh on the issue of women leading prayers. Dar al Iftaa is the official website where our esteemed sheikh posts his fatawa. Read the fatwa for yourselves to see what Sheikh 'Ali Jumu'a said.

The folks at MWU have been made aware of their error, but continue instead to obfuscate the issue, claming that this is not his fatwa (it is, according to his own students), and that the third-hand report on al 'Arabiya was "his actual words." Subhan'Allah.

(note: in Egyptian dialect, he is Sheikh 'Ali Gumu'a or Goma', so there are several English versions of his name out there)

Read the Arabic original here at Sheikh 'Ali Jumu'a's official website or the English translation below:

Question:

What is the religion's ruling concerning a woman leading men in prayer; is their prayer correct? What is the religion's ruling concerning the permissibility of a Friday prayer in which a woman leads the congregation? Is it permissible for men and women to pray in the same row mixed together? What is the ruling concerning a woman giving the adhan and calling Muslims to the Friday prayer or any other congregational prayer? What is the ruling of religious law concerning the new dissenters who want to change fixed elements of the religion?

Answer:

Islam commands chastity and virtue and it forbids adultery and fornication. It is because of this that we find Islam has commanded both the male and female believers to lower their gaze in the same fashion, and it has forbidden seclusion that leads to temptation. Islam has commanded for men to cover themselves between their navels and their knees, and for women to cover themselves entirely save the face and hands: Allah exalted is He said, "Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be modest. That is purer for them. Lo! Allah is Aware of what they do." (Q:24:30). And the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, "Oh Asma', if a woman reaches the age of puberty it is not fitting for her to be seen except for this and this" and he pointed to his face and hands (Abu Daud). One of the Islamic rulings with this intention behind it is that Allah exalted is He has commanded women to stand behind the rows of men in prayer. This was done in order to honor women, because the prayer of the Muslims is comprised of prostration. Thus the command is like the saying of the Arabs "He only held you back so he could put you forward." Putting the prayer lines for women behind the prayer lines for men is not a form of degradation, rather it is a means of raising their station and upholding high manners and virtue, and it is a means of mutual cooperation for the believing men and women to follow the command of lowering their gaze. It is for this reason that we see that the Muslims in the East and the West, during the times of the Pious Forebears and their successors, have unanimously agreed in practice that women are not assigned to give the adhan, or be the imam of Friday or [mixed-sex]-congregational prayers.

As for men and women praying in one row mixed together: this is not permissible in any situation.

As for a woman giving the adhan and giving the Friday sermon and leading the Friday prayer: we do not know of a single difference of opinion between the Muslims - scholars and laymen alike - concerning its impermissibility and the fact that should such a prayer and adhan be performed, it would be incorrect.

As for a woman being the Imam of men in an unscheduled prayer: the overwhelming majority of scholars have said that it is forbidden and the prayer is invalid. However al-Tabari, and Abu Thawr, and al-Muzani from the Shafi'i School and Muhyi al-Din ibn Arabi from the Dhahiri School held the opinion that it is permissible for a woman to lead men in prayer and that their prayer is valid. However, some scholars have her stand behind the men - even if she were to lead them - taking into consideration the principles mentioned above. The evidence these scholars used is the hadith from Abu Daud and al-Darqutni stating that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, allowed Umm Waraqa to lead her household in prayer. The majority of scholars have understood this hadith as referring to supererogatory prayers, or to leading the women of her household, or as being specific to Umm Waraqa. In spite of this, not a single Muslim from the East or West has followed this anomalous opinion.

As for what the entire world and we see happening today in the mixing between two issues: the issue of leading a prayer and the issue of delivering the Friday sermon: the latter was never permitted by anyone. These confused people who adhere to schools of dissent are divided into various movements: some deny the Sunna and consensus, some tamper with the significations of words in the Arabic language, and others call for the permissibility of homosexuality, fornication, alcohol, abortions, and changing the prescribed portions of inheritance. These movements appear in almost every age. Then they disappear, and the Muslims follow the path Allah has made incumbent upon them, bearing the standard of felicity to all the worlds "Then as for the foam, it passeth away as scum upon the banks, while, as for that which is of use to mankind, it remaineth in the earth." (Q:13:1)

31 Comments:

Blogger media mongol said...

thanks for posting this. What amazed me was why they felt the need to have a "mainstream" imam endorse their position in the first place

5:59 PM  
Blogger Yusuf Smith said...

As-Salaamu 'alaikum,

I notice that the security-conscious folks at MWU have let the crackers in again.

I mean, what do you need to do to get compromised twice in four months? Is their password "password"? If they are going to be this controversial, you'd think they'd be a bit more careful.

6:45 PM  
Blogger Levantine Historian said...

Thank you for making the fatwa available and for the very nice clarifying introduction. The fatwa is very clear and very well written the the bit at the end about these deviant groups appearing and disappearing in every age was a nice touch by the sheikh; as was his explanation of how women are honoured by being behind.

2:59 AM  
Blogger media mongol said...

Women's empowerment without the hype: (sorry, i don't know how else to put in links elegantly):
http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/16-30Nov04-Print-Edition/163011200486.htm

3:30 AM  
Blogger Ann said...

Assalaamu alaikum,

Jazak Allah khair. Levantine Historian said pretty much what I was thinking, but he's much more articulate, masha'allah.

I know scholars have different opinions about women leading women in prayer, but I sometimes perform salat with a group of women led by a woman, and I find it very moving to pray as one group, with other Muslim women from all over the world.

4:49 AM  
Blogger Abu Saliha said...

The link for the Arabic fatwa has the living tradition url pasted in front of it and needs to be fixed. It should be http://www.dar-alifta.org/news.aspx

but it is currently

http://living-tradition.blogspot.com/2005/03/www.dar-alifta.org/news.aspx\


Please correct

9:23 AM  
Blogger izzymo said...

Masha'allah, LT. I hope that the Sheikh is not taking to much heat for this, especially since his words were misconstrued and distorted.

11:39 AM  
Blogger MuslimaGripes said...

What an eloquent fatwa. These people choose to follow that which is unclear, instead of that which is clear. May Allah guide us all.

6:59 PM  
Blogger ghkj said...

If you are looking wow power leveling, buy wow gold,warcraft gold as well as WOW Power Leveling and World Of wow levelingWhen you need someone to listen,FFXI Gil, I'll be there. When you need a hug, cheap FFXI Gil,I'll be there. When you need someone to hold your hand, I'll be there. When you need someone to wipe your tears, guess what? I'll be there. William Shakespeare

8:43 PM  
Blogger feilin said...

My friends like to play it and buy aoc gold. If you have money to buy age of conan gold, you will find it is very useful. Earning conan gold is not so hard. Try your best and then you can get it. I buy cheap aoc gold, just because I like it. So simple the aoc money is.
I am so happy to get some aion kina from my friends. They know I need aion online kina, they give me. So I always can get some aion gold from my friends. I buy aion kina with my spare money. It makes me happy that I can still earn some cheap aion kina.

4:52 AM  
Blogger  said...

You know ,I have some 9Dragons gold, and my friend also has some
9 Dragons gold,do you kouw they have the same meaning,Both of them can be called
9Dragons money,I just want to
buy 9 Dragons gold, because there are many
cheap 9Dragons gold.
You know ,I have some Anarchy credits, and my friend also has some Anarchy Online credits, do you kouw they have the same meaning,Both of them can be called
Anarchy gold,I just want to
buy AO credits, because there are many cheap
Anarchy online gold

9:16 PM  
Blogger 筱娅 said...

Have you heared about a game which you need use shadow of legend Gold to play, and you can also borrow sol gold from other players? But you can buy shadow of legend Gold, or you will lose the choice if you do not have cheap shadow of legend Gold. If you get shadow of legend Gold money, you can continue this game.

12:12 AM  
Blogger 筱娅 said...

Have you heared about a game which you need use kal geons to play, and you can also borrow kal gold from other players? But you can buy kal online geons, or you will lose the choice if you do not have kal online gold. If you get kalonline Geons, you can continue this game.

12:15 AM  
Blogger 筱娅 said...

Have you heared about a game which you need use Anarchy credits to play, and you can also borrow Anarchy Online credits from other players? But you can buy AO credits, or you will lose the choice if you do not have Anarchy online gold. If you get Anarchy gold, you can continue this game.

12:15 AM  
Blogger mei said...

It is a very nice game silkroad gold, I like sro gold. You can play it silkroad online gold, you can buy the cheap silk road gold. You smart and buy cheap silkroad gold.

2:01 AM  
Blogger mei said...

I want give they happy time, twelve sky Gold, I work here with 12sky gold. Though, I can not make much money, twelvesky Gold, But I want to Exercise myself, 12Sky Silver Coins, I get up early 12 sky gold

2:01 AM  
Blogger mei said...

I am so happy to get some aion kina from my friends. They know I need aion online kina, they give me. So I always can get some aion gold from my friends. I buy aion kina with my spare money. It makes me happy that I can still earn some cheap aion kina.

2:02 AM  
Blogger 陈凯燕 said...

Do you know Asda Story gold? I like it. My brother often goes to the internet bar to buy Asda Story money and play it. After school, He likes playing games using these buy Asda Story Gold with his friend. I think that it not only costs much money but also spend much time. One day, he give me manycheap Asda Story gold and play the game with me.

2:31 AM  
Blogger 陈凯燕 said...

Do you know cabal online alz? I like it. My brother often go to the internet bar to buy cabal alz and play it. After school, He likes playing games using these cabal gold with his friend. I think that it not only costs much money but also spend much time. One day, he give me many cabal money and play the game with me. I came to the bar following him and found buy cabal alz was so cheap.

2:31 AM  
Blogger 陈凯燕 said...

Do you know Asda Story gold? I like it. My brother often goes to the internet bar to buy Asda Story money and play it. After school, He likes playing games using these buy Asda Story Gold with his friend. I do not like to play it. Because I think that it not only costs much money but also spend much time. One day, he give me manycheap Asda Story gold and play the game with me.

2:31 AM  
Blogger jislsnhd said...

I am so happy to get some Megaten Gold and the Megaten online Gold is given by my close friend who tells me that the Megaten money is the basis to enter into the game. Therefore, I should buy Megaten Gold with the spare money and I gain some cheap Megaten Gold from other players. And now I have more Megaten online money than before.

4:57 AM  
Blogger jislsnhd said...

I am so happy to get some ro zeny and the ragnarok zeny is given by my close friend who tells me that the iro zeny is the basis to enter into the game. Therefore, I should cheap zeny with the spare money and I gain some ragnarok online zeny from other players.

4:57 AM  
Blogger jislsnhd said...

I always heard something from my neighbor that he sometimes goes to the internet bar to play the game which will use him some Solstice Kron, he usually can win a lot of Solstice Online Kron, then he let his friends all have some Solstice Gold, his friends thank him very much for introducing them the Solstice Online Gold, they usually buy Solstice Kron together. And then share their cheap Solstice Kron to each other. At last they all get some Solstice Online money than before.

4:57 AM  
Blogger zhijian said...

buy wow gold,cheap wow gold,wow power leveling.
09.05.11

10:54 PM  
Blogger zhijian said...

Buy breitling replica,cheap wow gold auto insurance09.05.11

10:55 PM  
Blogger milf said...

dessicant air dryerpediatric asthmaasthma specialistasthma children specialistcarpet cleaning dallas txcarpet cleaners dallascarpet cleaning dallas

vero beach vacationvero beach vacationsbeach vacation homes veroms beach vacationsms beach vacationms beach condosmaui beach vacationmaui beach vacationsmaui beach clubbeach vacationsyour beach vacationscheap beach vacations

bob hairstylebob haircutsbob layeredpob hairstylebobbedclassic bobCare for Curly HairTips for Curly Haircurly hair12r 22.5 best pricetires truck bustires 12r 22.5

washington new housenew house houstonnew house san antonionew house ventura

5:58 PM  
Blogger milf said...

black mold exposureblack mold symptoms of exposurewrought iron garden gatesiron garden gates find them herefine thin hair hairstylessearch hair styles for fine thin hairnight vision binocularsbuy night vision binocularslipitor reactionslipitor allergic reactionsluxury beach resort in the philippines

afordable beach resorts in the philippineshomeopathy for eczema.baby eczema.save big with great mineral makeup bargainsmineral makeup wholesalersprodam iphone Apple prodam iphone prahacect iphone manualmanual for P 168 iphonefero 52 binocularsnight vision Fero 52 binocularsThe best night vision binoculars here

night vision binoculars bargainsfree photo albums computer programsfree software to make photo albumsfree tax formsprintable tax forms for free craftmatic air bedcraftmatic air bed adjustable info hereboyd air bedboyd night air bed lowest price

5:59 PM  
Blogger milf said...

new houston house houston house txstains removal dyestains removal clothesstains removalteeth whiteningteeth whiteningbright teeth

jennifer grey nosejennifer nose jobscalebrities nose jobsWomen with Big NosesWomen hairstylesBig Nose Women, hairstyles

5:59 PM  
Blogger milf said...

find air beds in wisconsinbest air beds in wisconsincloud air beds

best cloud inflatable air bedssealy air beds portableportables air bedsrv luggage racksaluminum made rv luggage racksair bed raisedbest form raised air bedsbed air informercialsbest informercials bed airmattress sized air beds

bestair bed mattress antique doorknobsantique doorknob identification tipsdvd player troubleshootingtroubleshooting with the dvd playerflat panel television lcd vs plasmaflat panel lcd television versus plasma pic the bestadjustable bed air foam The best bed air foam

hoof prints antique equestrian printsantique hoof prints equestrian printsBuy air bedadjustablebuy the best adjustable air bedsair beds canadian storesCanadian stores for air beds

migraine causemigraine treatments floridaflorida headache clinicdrying dessicantair drying dessicant

5:59 PM  
Blogger vfdvgf said...

Our website are the reliable wow gold and wow power leveling wow gold

2:34 AM  
Blogger Adi said...

Oes Tsetnoc one of the ways in which we can learn seo besides Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa. By participating in the Oes Tsetnoc or Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa we can improve our seo skills. To find more information about Oest Tsetnoc please visit my Oes Tsetnoc pages. And to find more information about Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa please visit my Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa pages. Thank you So much.
Oes Tsetnoc | Semangat Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa

2:33 PM  

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home